Great Lyre with Bull’s Head

From Royal Tomb (PG 789), Ur (present-day Muqaiyir, Iraq). c. 2600-2500 BCE. Wood with gold, silver, lapis lazuli, bitumen, and shell, reassembled in modern wood support; height of head 14″ (35.6 centimeters). University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia.




Khan Academy Article

Standard of Ur and Other Objects From the Royal Graves


Sumerian Shakespeare Website

The Royal Tombs of Ur


Ancient Origins Article

Where the Sumerian Rulers Lie: The Royal Tombs of Ur Article

Lapis Lazuli